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Trisomy > Down Syndrome Characteristics
Down syndrome is a common genetic disorder in the human community. There are several symptoms of Down syndrome. Sometimes, the symptoms can be easily noticed according to the physical appearance of the baby. Yet, sometimes we unable to determine the symptoms until the child grow up.
As we all know, the most common symptom of Down syndrome patients is mental retardation. However, the level of serious of the mental retardation is different for every patient. Usually, the Down syndrome patients will express some malformations. Many studies show that there are more than 50 types of characteristics related to this common birth defect. Although not all the patients will have the same symptoms, we can see some recurring symptoms too.
Most Common Down Syndrome Features
1. Flattened facial features
2. Head size is small
3. Irregularly ear shape
4. Protruding tongue
5. Upwards slanting eyes
6. Short fingers
7. Mental retardation
8. Poor development
9. Thyroid dysfunction
10. Hypogenitalism of hypergonadism
The features that I have shown above are the most common features of Down syndrome that might be seen on the patients. However, we might see other features on the babies too. For example, most of the patients with this abnormal syndrome are quite emotional. They can easily scream when angry. Most of these symptoms may not show during the infant time. It will start to become obvious when the baby grows.
Generally, the patient looks almost alike to each other. We can simply notice the Down syndrome patient via their physical outlook. The confident clinical diagnosis is hard during the early time after birth. For the female patients, the menarche usually occurs at normal time. Most of the female patients are fertile. They can pregnant. Yet, the male patients usually associated with hypogenitalism. Therefore, they are infertile generally.
This birth defect is caused by the abnormality of genes. They are born with an extra chromosome 21. Normally, we have only a pair of chromosome 21. The extra genetic information often causes those medical problems. The Down syndrome patient will easy to develop cancer cells than others. The abnormality is caused by the errors occurred during the cell division. These errors usually occur during the sperm or egg cell development. The errors occur are closely related to the age of the parents. Women who older than 35 years old will tend to produce the abnormal egg cells.
In conclusion, the patients should get the appropriate treatments to reduce the severity of the symptoms. It is recommended to seek for a doctor’s advice to get the most suitable treatments to the patients.
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